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Posts Tagged ‘Computer crime’

May 2012 Cyber Attacks Statistics

June 10, 2012 1 comment

As I did last month for the Cyber Attacks occurred in April, I have aggregated the data collected on the timelines of May (on the right) in order to provide a consolidated view of the month according to the three parameters of Motivations Behind Attacks, Distribution of Targets and Distribution of Attack Techniques. Again, no need to repeat that data must be taken very carefully since they do refers only to discovered attacks (the so-called tip of the iceberg), and hence do not pretend to be exhaustive but only aim to provide an high level overview of the “cyber landscape” of the month.

As far as Motivations Behind Attacks are concerned, month after month, the charts are becoming monotonous. Cyber Crime ranked undoubtedly at number one with the 61% of occurrences. Twice the occurrences of Hacktivism which ranked at number two. In this chart, Cyber Warfare and Cyber Espionage motivated-attacks are well behind although they were few but good (One Flame was enough for this month, wasn’t it?).

The Distribution of Targets chart is highly fragmented even if with a familar pattern:  Government targets ranked firmly on top of the preferences for the attackers, with Education and Law Enforcement targets completing the top three (although, compared to April, they swapped their positions in this unenviable chart). It worths to mention that targets belonging to organizations that offers on-line services are fragmented as well, but if the single entries are summed up, they would rank at number two with approximately the 15% of occurrences.

The Distribution of Attack Techniques chart whows that SQL Injection has been the preferred weapon used by Cyber Criminals in May, overtaking Distributed Denial of Service, the Cyber Paintball Pistol. Clearly the occurrences of DDoS attacks are influenced by the winds of hacktivism which did not blow so high in May. Interesting to notice a further important number of events (17% of the sample) related to unknown attacks targeting DBs, which clearly shows that data repositories are proving to be the weakes element of the chain. May the patch enFORCEment be with you!

If you want to have an idea of how fragile our data are inside the cyberspace, have a look at the timelines of the main Cyber Attacks in 2011 and 2012 (regularly updated), and follow @paulsparrows on Twitter for the latest updates.

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Sixteen Months of Cyber Attacks in Italy

Tomorrow, during the 2012 Security Summit, Edition of Rome, the June Update of the 2012 Italian Report on ICT Security will be unleashed.

I gave a contribution for the section concerning the Cyber Attacks in Italy. The following lines depict a summary of what you will be able to find in the full report (so far only in Italian).

During the period ranging from February 2011 to April 2012, I collected 127 cyber attacks, among which 112, corresponding to the 88% (that is almost the entire sample), driven by hacktivism. In only 15 cases different motivations were found, related to Cyber Crime (14 occurrences) and Cyber Espionage.

The collected sample shows that more than 43% of targets were government sites and political associations. Organizations related to education rank at number three even though most of the attacks were concentrated in a single event in July when as many as 18 universities were affected simultaneously.

Entertainment industry and Law Enforcement Agencies are far behind, but ahead all other categories, probably a consequence of the cyber attacks perpetrated in January and March 2012 during the waves of protests against SOPA and PIPA, (and the subsequent shutdown of MegaUpload). Please notice that not event the Holy See has been safe from hackers with a wave of DDoS attacks targeting several Vatican sites after some controversial declarations of a security vendor.

The trend analysis clearly reflects the influence of external factors on hacktivism in Italy: the first intervention in Libya, then the emotional impact of the collective LulzSec, and finally the protests against the proposed laws considered repressive to freedom of expression on the Internet.

As far as the attack distribution is concerned, Italy has just demonstrated to be a “Spaghetti DDOS” country. On the wake of hacktivism, our country has assisted, in the analyzed period, to a massive wave of Distributed Denial Of Service Attacks. SQL Injection and Defacement attacks are well behind (again remember that most of the SQLi attacks were concentrated on a single event occurring on July). In any case the distribution shows a tendency to perform those kinds of attacks (DDoS and Defacement) capable to gain the most attention from media.

Although the sample may provide an interesting snapshot, please keep in mind that it only includes those attacks that have been detected since the authors claimed them, or simply because the attacks themselves earned plenty of space on media. Given the times we are living in, I’m afraid these are just the tip of the iceberg.

If you want to have an idea of how fragile our data are inside the cyberspace, have a look at the timelines of the main Cyber Attacks in 2011 and 2012 (regularly updated), and follow @paulsparrows on Twitter for the latest updates.

P.S. I did not include in the sample the controversial attack to CNAIPIC (Italian Cyber Police) since the origin of that event is far from being certain.

The Evolution Of Cybercrime [Infographic]

A couple of days ago I held a presentation at the Cyber Crime Conference in Rome about the strategies for thwarting Cybercrime. While preparing the slides I collected some material with which I prepared the following infographic dealing with the evolution of Cyber Crime.

The romantic times of phone phreaking are definitively gone and today the Cyber Crime is an organized industry with a complex ecosystem which generated in 2011, $ 388 billion in 24 countries. A value dangerously close to the value of global drug trafficking.

Scroll down the infographic and discover the HACK factor (Hacktivism, Availability, Cloud/Mobile and Know-How) which influences the rapid growth of the Cyber Crime Phenomena.

The First Italian Cybercrime Report is Available [Infographic]

March 21, 2012 7 comments

Yesterday, during the Italian Security Summit 2012, the Italian Clusit Association has unveiled the first Italian Cybercrime Report for which I acted as a contributor (in particular I compiled the section dedicated to the Italian Cyber Attacks), putting also at disposal my 2011 Cyber Attacks Timeline for the Report’s introduction.

This is a great result for our Security Community, not only because such a similar holistic work had never been compiled before in Italy, but also because it pinpoints the possible trends and scenarios for 2012 and hence provide guidelines useful to delineate security strategies for professionals and organizations.

Most of all, the Report has been enriched by data collected by the Italian Cyber Police. An unprecedented event in Italy that provides a real deep insight the Cybercrime impacts in everyday life as never done before in our country.

Said in few words, it worths a read, and even if, so far, it is in Italian, we are working for a short English Version.

In the meantime I provide you with an amusing preview. In compiling the report, Andrea Zapparoli Manzoni, a dear friend and most of all one of the report contributors, did a great job by cataloguing all the 406 international attacks that I collected in my 2011 timeline. I consequently decided to summarize the results of this huge work in the following Infographic. The result is quite impressive, isn’t it?


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